Life is a gift, it is often said. And. as we go about living our lives in our own way, we are bound to encounter situations where our lives are in danger. Most of the times it is best to scream for help, but what if help is miles away? That’s when you become your own savior and save your life. Did you know that “inflammable” and “flammable” mean the same thing? The words that may sound to be opposites of each other mean the exact same thing “capable of burning.” Inflammable was used before the National Fire Protection Association urged people in the 1920s to use “flammable” instead as the negative prefix of “in” would sound confusing and may lead to misinterpretation. So. exercise caution with both “flammable” and “inflammable” things. Here are 15 more facts will help you tip the odds in favor of life if you keep in them in mind thanks to this Reddit thread.
1. If you are ever trapped on thin ice and have to get back to safety before it breaks, lie down on your stomach and slowly crawl your way back to solid ground in the same direction you came from.
The first thing to remember if you get trapped on thin ice or fall into the freezing water below is to not panic. Spread out your arms and legs in the area that is unbroken, and if you have ice picks, use them as a grip to get back up. Then, lie down flat on your stomach and roll away in the same direction you came from as this will help to spread out the weight of your body evenly. Once you are back to safety, keep yourself warm and seek medical attention as hypothermia can be fatal. (source)
2. Most people understand flags on the seashore, but purple flags can be confusing for some. Purple flags are a warning which means that there are dangerous sea creatures in that area.
The best way to keep yourself safe from beach hazards is to keep an eye out for the flags along the shoreline. Red flags with a no-swimming symbol mean the area is closed to the public, while only red flags indicate dangerous currents. Yellow flags depict medium risk, while green flags depict low risk from the surf and currents. Purple flags are used in combination with one of these flags. Also, the absence of flags does not mean that the area is safe for swimming. (source)
3. If you feel like puking while scuba diving, vomit into the regulator, don’t remove it from your mouth.
It is a very common thing to feel nauseous underwater. Normally, one feels nauseated while riding in the boat due to the motion, but underwater, nausea can occur due to reasons like incomplete ear equalization, vertigo, digestive problems, overeating, etc. But don’t worry as your scuba gear is equipped to deal with it. The regulator that you hold in your mouth while diving is where you must puke as it will process vomit the same way it processes exhalation. You can always press the purge button if food particles get stuck in your regulator. Don’t remove it from your mouth as that may lead to inhaling water, and that can have fatal consequences. Signal to the guide who accompanies you for help or get back to the surface. (source)
4. You can perform a Heimlich Maneuver, the famous way to deal with choking, on yourself.
What do you do if you choke on food and no one is around to help you? You can perform the famous Heimlich Maneuver on yourself. Begin with trying to cough out the choked particle, and if that doesn’t work, follow these steps. Make a fist with your preferred hand and place it below your rib cage. Then hold the fist with your other hand and drive up your fist towards your mouth pressing it against your chest as hard as you can. Next, find a stable object to lean on as you perform the Heimlich Maneuver. Keep repeating until your breathing is back to normal and the food particle is out of your mouth. (source)
5. If you ever get lost in the woods, don’t move. Staying where you are is the best option as the chances of a person finding their way out on their own are slim, and it is best not to increase the range of the search area for the rescue team.
Don’t move if you get lost in the middle of the forest. Not changing your location will help the search and rescue team get to you faster. Don’t rely on technology, and this time, rely on common sense. A person’s judgment is often impaired due to extreme weather conditions and lack of food and water along with the sheer panic that comes with the realization of being lost. And that time, jog your memory and remember this point. Stay where you are and wait. (source)
6. When a dog wags its tail, it does not always mean that it is being friendly. It can actually be the opposite of that.
When a dog wags its tail at a higher level, it means that the dog is gearing up to threaten and attack. When the position of the tail while wagging is on lower levels, it indicates that the dog is friendly. Usually, tiny, high-speed movements mean that the dog is going to fight. Keep that in mind the next time you see dogs wagging their tails at you and you feel like petting them. A dog wags its tail in a different rhythm, leaning to a different side (left or right), at a different angle depending upon the situation. (source)
7. It is best to sleep with the door of the room shut. If there would be a fire in your house when you were asleep, the room can be a safe zone if the door is shut.
Shutting the door of your room might be the difference between life and death according to experts. Experts from UL Fire Safety Institute conducted a demonstration where they lit a part of the house on fire and left the door of one room open and another closed. When the fire was put out, the room with the open door was completely destroyed, but the one with the closed door was almost intact. (source)
8. While driving, if the accelerator pedal gets stuck or something else causes unintended acceleration in your car, put it in “neutral.”
In 2010, Toyota Motor Corp. recalled millions of its car models because of a dangerous accelerator problem that caused vehicles to speed up and run out of control. But this problem was not limited to Toyota alone. If that happens to you while driving, press the brakes firmly, and without lifting your foot off the brake pedal, put your car in neutral. It is necessary to not take your foot off the brake pedal as power brakes work on the principle of building engine vacuum, so if you lift your foot, you lose that vacuum-assist. (source)
9. If you are about to get run over by a vehicle, jump and try to swoop yourself up on the hood rather than falling on the ground.
It is highly likely that you wouldn’t see a car turn the corner when you are crossing the road. This puts yourself in the danger of getting run over. When this happens, have the presence of mind to jump towards the car onto the hood with your hands near your head to prevent injuries to your head should the windshield crack. When you don’t jump, you fall on the ground and can sustain serious injuries. If you are hit by a car and cannot see any external damage, get yourself examined anyway as internal damage can occur. Don’t cross the road while looking down at your phone, and don’t use headphones while walking near a road. (source)
10. Bleach and ammonia when mixed together can form poison gas. NEVER do that!
Bleach and ammonia that are found in various cleaning products are a deadly combination. When mixed together, they form a toxic compound called chloramine vapor which can then form hydrazine which is poisonous. It is advisable to read the labels on the cleaning products and not to mix them. Also, follow the warnings for using adequate ventilation and protective gear while using them. Never use chlorine bleach to disinfect water that contains organic matter, for example, pond water, as it will cause the same reaction. If you are exposed to such fumes, hold your breath, leave the site, and take in some fresh air. If you feel uneasy, seek emergency medical attention. (source)
11. If your airplane crashes into the water, don’t inflate your life vest until after you get out of the plane. Inflating it before will increase your chances of getting trapped in the fuselage as water levels inside the plane will rise pushing you towards the ceiling.
It is natural to panic if your airplane crash-lands into a body of water and is sinking. It is important to remember that inflating the life jackets as soon as you put them on will make them “death jackets” as it will increase your chances of getting stuck inside the plane. Also, you might tear the jacket while using the emergency exits as they are pretty narrow. In 1996, Ethiopian Airlines Flight 961 crashed into the water and 125 passengers died as most of them had inflated their life jackets inside the plane and had got stuck. Don’t repeat that mistake and always pay attention to safety demonstrations. (source)
12. If your car skids, steer in the direction of the skid rather than steering against it to increase the chances of regaining control of your car. This will also help you avoid the risk of flipping your car over. Don’t ever slam the brakes.
When we say that a car “skids,” it means the wheels of the car lost traction causing it to move uncontrollably. Skids, front-wheel ones or rear-wheel ones, occur due to heavy braking, locking up the front wheels, or turning too quickly for the condition of the road (ice, oil, or water).
In case of a front-wheel skid, it is important to keep the wheels in the direction of the skid. In case of a rear-wheel skid, you still have the ability to control the front wheels, so steer into the direction of the skid to counteract the effect and take your feet off the pedals to avoid flipping over. Do not use the brakes. Be calm and use your steering wheel rather than the pedals. If there is a forecast of bad weather, avoid driving. Getting your car serviced and checking the wheel air pressure weekly helps. (source)
13. If your hair stands on end while you are at an elevation, duck and find cover immediately. It is a sign that lightning is about to strike and you are in danger.
Between 1982 and 2011 on an average, 54 Americans died every year due to lightning strikes. Getting yourself educated about avoiding to get hurt by a lightning strike will save your life. If you are on a hill and if your hair naturally rises in the air, escape as fast as you can as this is a sign of the presence of electricity in the air which often precedes a lightning strike. Consider this as a warning and take shelter. Do not climb any peaks when a thunderstorm is forecasted. (source)
14. Most drunk-driving accidents occur on Saturday nights between midnight and 3 a.m. Avoid venturing out on the roads during these hours, if you can.
The incidents of drunk-driving increase during holidays as people prefer to drink alcohol during those days. Out of all the days of the week, Saturday nights are the riskiest as there are more cars and more drunk-drivers that day. According to AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety, 31% of the fatal drunk-driving accidents occur during the weekends. Fatal crashes occur four times more at night than in the morning. Nearly half of the pedestrian fatalities occur on Fridays, Saturdays, and Sundays, and alcohol impairment in the driver or the pedestrian was reported in nearly half of the total pedestrian deaths on the road. (source)
15. If you are sinking in quicksand, try to lie down face up. This will be like floating on water as the dispersion of your weight will help you stay afloat.
If you get stuck in quicksand, the first thing to do is get rid of all your belongings and make yourself lighter. Simultaneously, take a few small and quick steps backward in the direction you came from towards solid ground. Don’t take large steps as it will make it harder to maneuver if one leg gets stuck. If you have sunk waist-deep, assume a back float position as this will help your feet get back on the surface. Then, slowly begin moving towards solid ground. Don’t backstroke! Use your legs, slowly and steadily. This can take hours at times.
Assess your surroundings and reach for a hanging branch of a tree, and if you are with someone, hold on to their hand and try to get yourself pulled out. Keep breathing deeply as it will not only help you keep calm but also help with buoyancy. (source)