11. 19-year-old Diana Bryant falls to her death, as the fire escape collapses, along with her 2-year-old goddaughter who survived because she landed on Bryant’s body.
On July 22, 1975, there was a fire in an apartment building on Marlborough Street in Boston. Diana Bryant and her goddaughter Tiare Jones were being rescued from almost 50 feet height by the fireman Robert O’Neill. O’Neill got onto the fire escape to help and he was moving towards the ladder when the fire escape collapsed. Bryant and Jones both fell off the fire escape. Bryant suffered multiple head and body injuries and died hours later. Jones survived as she landed on Bryant’s body which softened the impact. (source)
12. A woman being chased by young men and boys with wooden clubs during the Lviv pogroms, the 1941 massacres of Jews by Ukrainians.
Lviv pogroms were the two consecutive massacres of Jews living in the city Lwow by Ukrainian nationalists in 1941. According to Richard Breitman, a Holocaust historian, 5,000 Jews died during these pogroms and 3,000 more, mostly Jews, were executed by the Germans. Things got even worse after these pogroms. In November 1941, the Lwow Ghetto was established where 120,000 were held, most of whom were killed there or sent to Belzec extermination camp. It was so severe that the killings and deportations to Nazi concentration camps resulted in the almost complete annihilation of Jewish population locally. (source)
13. A South Vietnamese National Police Chief executes a Viet Cong captain in Saigon during the Tet Offensive in 1968.
Nguyen Ngoc Loan was South Vietnam’s chief of National Police who, on February 1, 1968, shot a handcuffed Viet Cong prisoner named Nguyen Van Lem in front of an NBC cameraman and an Associated Press photographer. The apparent cruelty in the photograph sparked anti-war movement worldwide. In addition to his military career, Loan was also an advocate for hospital construction.
Eddie Adams, the photographer, later apologized to Loan saying that photographs do lie even without manipulation and are sometimes only half-truths. He also said that “What would you do if you were the general at that time and place on that hot day, and you caught the so-called bad guy after he blew away one, two or three American soldiers?” Loan faced a lot of criticism and was forced into retirement during his later life in America from running his pizza restaurant after being publicly identified. (source)
14. Major General Horatio Gordon Robley with his collection of Mokomokai, heads of the dead people preserved by New Zealand’s Maori tribe which they traded for firearms with European sailors.
Maori are the indigenous people of New Zealand who tattooed their faces. When someone with tattoos died, their heads are preserved by sealing orifices with flax fiber and gum, then boiled or steamed in an oven, then smoked over an open fire, dried under the sun for several days, and treated with shark oil. These heads are called Mokomokai. In the early 19th century, with the arrival of Europeans, the Maori had to sell them for firearms to defend themselves. Major-General Robley, a British army officer who served in New Zealand during the 1860s, built up a collection of 35 to 40 Mokomokai which he later sold to the American Museum of Natural History. (source)
15. The mummified body of German adventurer who vanished was found inside a drifting yacht.
The mummified body of Manfred Fritz Bajorat was discovered in his yacht, most of which was underwater, by two fishermen. He had spent around 20 years cruising the world before meeting his end. The exact cause of his death is not known though the doctors believe that he could have died of natural causes. He was found lying near the radio as if trying to call someone over the radio. Instead of being decomposed, his body was preserved probably by the dry ocean winds, hot temperatures, and salty air. (source)